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Classification and related languages

Bodo language, a branch of the Tibeto-Burman family of language is a rich language. It is a major language of the Bodo group under the Assam-Burmese group of language. It shares some common features in respect of vocabulary, phonology, morphology and syntax with other
sister languages of the Bodo group.

It is closely related to the Dimasa language of Assam and the Garo language of Meghalaya. It is also a very closely related language of Kokborok language spoken in Tripura.

The Bodos in features and general appearance they approximately very closely to the Mongolian type, and this would seem to point to Tibet and china as original home of the race.  


In the aftermath of socio-political awakening and movement launched by the Bodo organizations since 1913, the language was introduced as the medium of instruction (1963) in the primary schools in Bodo dominated areas. Currently, the Bodo language serves as a medium of instruction up to the secondary level and an associated official language in the state of Assam. The language has attained a position of pride with the opening of the Post-Graduate course in Bodo language and literature in the University of Guwahati in 1996. The Bodo language has to its credit large number of books on poetry, drama, short story, novel, biography, travelogue, children's literature and literary criticism.

Socio economic life


The Bodos traditionally are Hindu by religion. But there is a sizeable are Christians also. A large numbers of Bodors are also followers of Brahmos also. 


The Bodo woman wear Dokhona, Pharle, Rege, and Regang and man wear Gamcha. 

Food habits  

They basically have rice. Their food habits are mostly like main stream Assamese people. They have rice beer which they offer in pujas also.  


The Bodos have as many as six different types of marriages. These are Sangnanoi lainai haba,(marriage according to standard practice), Gorjia Lakhani haba, khasonai haba, donkhar langnai haba, Dongkha Habnai Haba.   


The Bodos observe several major and minor festivals and ceremonies. Such as Religious, Seasonal and Agricultural. In fact all the major festivals are closely connected with agriculture. Kherai puja and Garja puja are the major among the religious festivals and Baisagu is the main seasonal festival. 


They burn the dead body  in a pyre. On the eleventh or thirteenth day of the death of the person the Shraddha ceremony is held.  


The language is officially written using the Devanagari script,although it also has a long history of using the Roman script. Some researchers have suggested that the language originally used a now-lost script called Deodhai.


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